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Kyle, Texas
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January 16, 2013     Hays Free Press
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Page 2C NEIGHBORS Hays Free Press January 16, 2013 + + "n a presumably secure cable sent on Jan. 16, .1917, the German foreign minister let his man in Mexico in on the biggest secret of the war, but little did he know the British were reading his mail. In the opening days of 1917, the third year of the trench stalemate on the other side of the Atlantic, the Kaiser's High Command made a daring decision. Gambling the United States could not field a combat-ready army within six months, the German strategists came up with a campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare. The kickoff date for the all-out offensive was Feb. 1, 1917, and with any luck at all Great Britain would surrender by summer. But for the unlucky Germans that was a bad bet. Emboldened by the green light given the U-boats, foreign minister Arthur Zimmerman played his international trump card. A super-secret communique to his Mexico City envoy was supposed to be relayed by merchant ship, but a last-minute cancellation of the cruise caused a fateful change in plans. Using three different routes, including the U.S. state department cable obligingly provided by President WoodrowWilson, Zimmerman sent the sinister instructions on Jan. 16. The coded dispatch informed the German ambassador of the scheduled U-boat blitz. On the off-chance Wilson lost his temper, Zimmerman ordered his emissary to "make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Merdco and Arizona." Furthermore, to Mexican dictator Carranza the subtle suggestion should be made that he invite the Japanese to the party. Zimmerman did not suspect that months earlier British intelligence had cracked the top-secret German code. The Mexico message was routinely intercepted, and in a matter of hours London knew exactly what Berlin was up to. A few days later, Wilson spoke from the moral mountaintop in a speech to the U.S. Senate. His naive call for "peace without victory" so angered the British that they decided to withhold for the time being the text of the deciphered telegram. On the afternoon of Jan. 31, hours before the U-boats were unleashed, Germany formally notified the American secretary of state that open season had been declared on high-seas shipping. This was the last straw for most U.S. officials, but Wilson took the ominous development in stride. At a tense meeting of the cabinet, the president repeated his unswerving resolve to keep America on the sidelines. Asked his personal preference, the ex- professor shocked everybody in attendance by frankly ; WEEK IN admitting he did not care which side won the war. South of the border, however, the Germans' timing could not have been worse. Wilson had issued orders on Jan. 25 for the punitive expedition pursuing Pancho Villa to come home. Had American soldiers still been on Mexican soil when the Zimmerman proposal was presented to Carranza, he probably would have jumped at the chance to get even with the gringos. Realizing Wilson required proof of the Hung hostile intentions, the British finally handed the text of the Zimmerman cable to the American ambassador in late February. Careful to conceal their source, they advised the diplomat that the original version of the message could be found in the files of his own government. The whole incredible tale, minus the embarrassing state department connection, was cleared for publication. The sensational story broke in the American press on Mar. 1, and dumbfounded Texans devoured the unbelievable details of the plot that targeted the Lone Star State for a sneak attack from Germany, Mexico and Japan. Typical of the coverage were headlines in the Houston Chronicle that blared, "White House Confirms Teutonic Conspiracy. Germany's World-Power Lust is Bared." Alongside the Zimmerman Telegram in all its uncensored glory, the E1 Paso Times railed against diabolical Germans "writhing in the slime of intrigue." In San Antonio The Light painted a frightening picture of outnumbered Texans overrun by a Prussian- led horde of Mexican and Japanese troops. Die-hard pacifists and publisher William Randolph Hearst scorned the telegram as a forgery even after Wilson vouched for its authenticity. But all doubts were dispelled, when Zimmerman himself confessed it was genuine. Wilson tried to ride out the storm, as he had the sinking of the Lusitania, but the momentum of fast- paced events took charge. German subs sent three American freighters to the bottom on Mar. 18, and two days later the president was cornered by a unified cabinet demanding a declaration of war, Five short months after winning a second term with the slogan, "He kept us out of war," Woodrow Wilson told a solemn Congress, "The world must be made safe for democracy." Thanks to a colossal German goof, the Yanks were coming. Bartee Halle welcomes your comments, questions and suggestions at P.O. Box 152, Friendswood, TX 77549 or haile@pdq, net. JARAMILLO Jaime Lee Jaramillo, 39, of Buda died Monday, Janu- ary 7, 2013. He is survived by wife Theresa. Funeral services were held at Mis- sion Funeral Home, Serenity Chapel in Austin on Friday, January 11, 2013. LACKER Kathryn Williams Lacker, 81 of Buda, was born on August 20, ~930, in Briggs, Texas, and died January 12, 2013 in Austin, after a long battle with cancer. Her parents were Jesse Curtis Williams and Iris Marie Moore Williams. Kathryn was very proud of the fact that she was a Texan and was descended from pioneer Burnet County families. Kathryn's family moved to Austin when she was young; she graduated from Austin High School in 1948. She met David Lacker through church friends and they were married on September 10, 1948. Early family. Their marriage spanned nearly 63 years until David's death in 2011. Kathryn is survived by son Stephen Lacker, daughter-in- lawAnn Lacker, and grand- daughter Caitfin Lacker of Austin, as well as a large and cherished extended family. Visitation will be Thursday, January 17, 2013 at Harrell Funeral Home-Austin from 6-8 p.m. Funeral service at Harrell Funeral Home on Friday, January 18, 2013 at 1 p.m. with burial following at 3 p.m. at DeWolfe Dillingham Cemetery in Briggs, TX. In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the American Cancer Society. MAXWELL Scott Allen Maxwell, 63, environmental'consultant and owner of Maxwell Envi- rotech Inc., passed away at his home in Driftwood, on Friday, January 4, 2013. He was born on January 10, 1949 in Ft. Worth, Texas. He is sur- vived by his wife, daughter, son-in-law, and three grand- children; his father, brother, and sister. Services will be private. Memorial contribu- tions may be made to The Cleft Palate Foundation at www.cleftline.org/donate. 201 East Pecan Street, Lockhart Texas 78644 (512)376-9686 remplus@att.net wvvw.remplusmonuments.com in their married life, Kay worked at Calcasieu Lum- ber Company and later at the State Board of Pardons and Paroles until leaving to focus on her family. Throughout her life, Kay was a creative and artis- tic person whose talents included oil painting, woodworking, and sewing. In later years, Dav~ and Kay spent most of their time on their cherished small farm in Buda, always undertaking a new project or improvement with great eagerness. Their greatest happiness derived from each other, and from both immediate and extended To all Christians: As a minister with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), t am pursuing the idea and desire of starting a new church in the 8uda, Texas, area, In order t0 do sl need to first ideet~ persons in the community who are looking for a church home, end who are willing to assist me in this initial stage, The Disciples of Christ is a moderate denomination that welcomes everyone to the Communion table, as Jesus welcomed us. One of our founders used a phrase that aptly describes us: "No creed but Chest; no bo0k butthe Bible." In addition, we de not have a central policy on current political issues, as we respect each others' beliefs, Our membership is very diverse, having welcomed thousands from other denominations. Our traditional form of baptmsm is by immer- sion, but we respect the traditions uf th0se who have been baptized by other methods, Please drop me a note via U.S. Mail or by emai[ if you are interested in assisting me or in providing me some positive insight in this new and exciting venture as we begin the new year. Thank you very much, Rev. J.D. Elsholf 1105 Grandview Drive San Marcos, IX 76666 jelshoff@earthlink.net Texas Crossword and Sudoku sponsored by i!iii!iiiiii! il i iii~i~i[~!i~Ngi3iiiiii;iiiiiii~:i~iii:iiii!~!iii!~?iiii:!i!i!ii!riirii NiiiiiiiiiiiiiiYi!ii!iYiiiii!iii | iiiiiii ii iiiii ili!ii , 6 "ii iiii '!iiiiiii!iiiiiiiiiii!'!iiiiiiiiiiiiiii!ii!iiii" iiliii ,, ! iiiiiiii iiiii!i!iiiii!ii!iiiiiiiiiiii !iiiii!iiiiiiil ....................................... iiiiii!iiiiii!iiii!iiiiiii!iiiiiiiii!i ~i;i~i~ili!i~i~i;iii!i~i!i~ili~i~ii~ili: iiiiiiiliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiiii!iiiil See Solution, page 3C 4 ACROSS 45 symbol for gold 1 TXism: "sells like 46 in Dallas, DART is a corny .............. at the __ of transportation State Fair" 47 devoured a whole 5 unpleasant smelldessert? (3 wds.) 6 seat of Jackson Co, 49 hoppy lager beer 7 TXism:" 'em 52 great left-fielder and first up" (evaluate) Rangers mgr., Williams 8 Assoc. for the Spurs, 53 abbr. for best state in Mavs, & Rockets the Union 9 '89 album that was 54 guided excursions thought to violate55 after-death assets TX obscenity law: " As They Wanna Be" 16 TX Clint Black's "We Ourselves" 18 TXism: "a hard under the porch" (good dog) 58 glides 21 this Ed was "Mingo" in the air on "Daniel Boone" 59 Ranger Adrian with TX Fess (init.) Beltre stat. 22 'Tm in the 60 words with Paso for Love" and Campo 23 in the '30s, Mineral 61 " up shop" 11 Wells was a top DOWN destination 1 TX Kristofferson '74 24 sixth most populousfilm: "Alice __ 12 city in TX Live Here Anymore" 30 arachnid trap 2 this CF McDowell13 (2 wds.) wore #0 for the 34 NFL designation for Rangers ('85-'88) 14 some injuried 3 where Texicans players (abbr.) flew the "Come and15 35 scoundrel Take It" flag in 1835 17 36 animals' feet 4 " Hickok 37 the biggest namesBelt" was given to 19 (hyphenated word) best pro athlete 39 Astrodome had this 9 "in the year of our on ,4/9tl 965 (2 wds.) Lord" (abbr.) 20 43 this Young sang 10 TXism: "he's got 24 "Hello Walls" ('61) in his 44 dressed for the cold? garters" (able) Haing S. ___ was in '90 film "Vietnam, Texas" needed for a disabled car (2 wds.) TXism:" he can't hear thunder" great TX golfer Kite (init.) "si" so. of the border TXism:" up" (believed) J.R was shot in the last of '80 "Dallas" season husband or wife swimmer Esther in '51 film "Texas Carnival" (init.) by Charley Copyright 25 dog__ fainNay 26 scores that a good golfer should have 27 TXism: "jumpy __ .............. on ice" 28 TX Cornyn's group 29 Dallas courthouse museum (2 wds.) 31 James Bond creator, Fleming & Guy Orbison 2013 by Orbisofl Bros. llll 19 20 !33 34 lllr P-1098 32 TX intoxication offense (abbr.) 33 finger-pointers 38 brandin' tools 40 "one kind" 41 Friday" rally" 42 most TX singers are also this 48 TX Strait's "All My Live in Texas" 50 house sites 51 TX Buddy Holly hit: "Peggy ...... " 56 TXism: "saddle strawberries" 57 "under the " (covert transaction) See Solution, page 3C