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Hays Free Press
Kyle, Texas
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February 3, 2010     Hays Free Press
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February 3, 2010
 

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Hays Free Press February 3,2010 NEIGHBORS Page 3C Back in the potato patch ard the end of Janu- my garden thoughts turn to the potato patch Potatoes have to be one of the most satisfying vegetable crops for me... in the growing, the harvest, and in the kitchen. Ounce for ounce, potatoes have just about the greatest nutritional package one can imagine. They are one of the most economical and nutri- tious foods we can grow. Some say the complex carbohydrates of potatoes make them "brain- food." And they're easy to grOW. All you need is a sunny area and good drainage. Potatoes are planted not from seed but from 'seed' potatoes. At this time of year, late January, you will start to see em in local nurseries and feed stores. These seed pota- toes are cut up into smaller pieces with dominant 'eyes.' (This is the bump - the node- where the new potato sprouts.)  IT'S ABOUT T,YME Next step- dust the fresh cuts with sulfur powder and place them in a a, dark place to encourage the 'eyes' to sprout. I like planting the po- tato pieces aroundValentine's Day when the ground tempera- rare gets close to 50 degrees. Plant the tubers in a row 12 inches apart. Cover them with three to four inches of soil. This soil should be rich in compost and well fertilized with a balanced organic blend. Potatoes like the soil to be loose (Composted leaves and straw work well.) The plants will emerge in two to three weeks depend- ing on the weather. At this time add some additional soil around the base of each plant. When the plants get six to eight inches tall, I like to Cover them half way up. Keep them moist during the growing season but not overly wet, because otherwise they will rot. Toward theend of May, potato plants will begin to wilt and the harvest can begin... and now the real fun begins. If you sift through the soil around each plant, you will find little (and large) potatoes everywhere. Potatoes can keep for months if placed in a cool, well-ventilated location. I kept them in the laundry room on racks till November, without having to purchase them once in the grocery. Red potatoes seem to do better in central Texas, but folks also have had great success with whites. The top red variet- ies are Red Lasoda and Red Pontiac I cm't tell the differ- ence. The most popular white potato is Kennebec. This year, I'm looking forward to Yukon Gold. This butter golden variety is so-o-o yulmny for mashed potatoes. Happy potato growing every- body. They're a ton of fun! I've received many ques- tions this week from gardeners concerned about their palm trees. Most varieties have lots of cold-burned foliage. Most should recover, but it will take some time to grow a new crown. Just cut off*he dam- aged foliage. Keeping the green foliage will help the plants to recover faster. If you have a question for Chris, send it via ernail to iathyme@yahoo.com. Or mail a postcard to It'sAbout Thyme: 11726 Manchaca Road, Austin, TX78748 www.itsaboutthyme.com Spanish Flu takes terrible toll on Texas The Quality Care Your Pet Ni ,00ls at Prices You Can Afford LOW COST PET VACCINATION S Sponsored by H-E-B and held in front of H-E-B +. 00tu00ay, February .... 5401 SOuH'F'BI; FMK626 I04 H Blvd. , 1 pm-2:3Op / 00nday, February 7 1,1 11 6607 S IH-:5 @ Win. Cannon 9 am - 11 am 1,1 edatPad Corner of Hwy. 183 & 1431 9 am - 11 am HE-il AuMI 6900 Brodie In. @Wm 1 pm - 2:30 pr E-B Pnugen 201 N FM 685 1 pm - 2:30 prl Heartworm test only $5 w/purchase of a years worth of heartworm pJ D065 Kr$ USt when Texans dared to think the Spanish Flu had finally run its course, on 4, 1920 the State Health Department reported 2,514 new cases in the previous 24 hours. The incredibly deadly strain of influenza that re- suited in the Great Pandemic or worldwide epidemic at the end of the First World War was called the Spanish Flu because the outbreak that killed eight million in that country in May 1918 received the most media coverage. As a noncombatant, Spain had no wartime censorship. Interestingly enough, the Spaniards themselves named the scourge "the French Flu." The Great Pandemic was genuinely global in scope. The only place on the planet that escaped the calamity was a small island deep in the Amazon jungle. No one really knows how many lives were lost, but estimates of the worldwide death toll ranged from 40 to 100 million mak- ing the twentieth-century pandemic the deadliest in human history. The Spanish Flu struck healthy individuals, usually the young rather than the old, without warning. In a mat- ter of hours, victims were too weak to walk and had to take to bed. Of those that died, the end often came the very next day, and victims rarely fingered longer than three days after infection. The symptoms were ghastly. As the lungs failed, victims turned black or blue from lack of oxygen and bled from the nose, ears and eyes. And, as one historian wrote, "Patients would writhe from agonizing pain in their joints." Although victims were ad- vised to send for a doctor as soon as they came down with Spanish Flu, there was little a physician could do when he arrived. Penicillin would not be discovered until 1928, it was 1943 before an influenza vaccine was available. The first documented case in the United States occurred on Mar. 11, 1918 at Fort Riley, Kansas, when an army cook showed up at sick call with a temperature of 103. Forty- eight hours later, 522 soldiers were flat on their backs. Later that summer, a more virulent form of the Span- ish Flu, undoubtedly carried by returning doughboys, hit Boston. The sickness spread like wildfire through the crowded cities on the East Coast, killing 800 a day in New York City, before heading west. In the absence of a scien- tific explanation for the cause THIS WEEK IN and with no cure, hysteria and ignorance filled the void. One popular theory was that the Spanish Flu was part of a germ-warfare attack by the Germans, while others blamed cat hair and coal dust. The long list of useless home remedies included everything from onions and garlic to goose grease The Surgeon General's an- tidote for such nonsense was four basic precautions: "1) Keep out of crowds. 2) Cover up each cough and sneeze. 3) Do not spit on the floor or sidewalk. 4) Shun the com- mon drinking cup and the roller towel in public places" Texans could only wait and hope for the best. Maybe by some sort of miracle the Spanish Flu would skip the Lone Star State. It didn't The suspense ended on Sept. 23, 1918 with the first confirmed sightings of the sickness inWilliamson, Kauf- man and Bosque counties. Eleven days later, 35 counties were under siege, and a week after that the number had grown to 77. Towns throughout Texas moved quickly to protect the public over the objections of local merchants and skeptics, who pooh-poohed the dan- ger. On Oct. 9 alone the fol- lowing communities closed schools, theaters and other gathering places: Lewisville, Plano, Marshall, McKin- hey, Bonham, Wills Point, Clarksville, Cleburne, Temple, Wichita Falls, Waxahachie, Houston and Corsicana. By late October, the Span- ish Flu had reached the Pan- handle, where the president of Wayland Baptist College in Plainview died on the 28th, and E1 Paso, where the number of cases neared 5,000 by the 23rd. On the 29th, the State Health Department reported 106,978 cases and 2,181 deaths and that was just in the cities. Galveston's response to the worst public health crisis since the yellow fever epidemics of the 1800's was typical of most towns. City of- ficials and the daily newspa- per saw panic as the greatest enemy and in their efforts to keep everybody calm often painted too rosy a picture of a truly grave situation. Any decline in the daily death toll was hailed by poli- ticians and The Daily News as a sign that the worst was over. Carried away by encouraging numbers in early November, the health commissioner lift- ed the ban on public places and reopened the schools. But this unfounded opti- mism ignored the fact that the Spanish Flu came in waves and would hang on in Texas well into 1920. When the disease returned with a vengeance, killing 65 Galves- tonians between Nov. 15 and Dec. 15, the commissioner had to shut the city down again. The final figures for the United States, nothing more than educated guesses, had one outof every four Ameri- cans stricken by the Spanish Flu and at least half a million fatalities in a population of 105 million. As for the four and half million Texans, 30 to 40 percent contracted the disease and five to ten per- cent of the afflicted perished. That's 70,000 dead on the low side and upwards of 175,000. "Secession & Civil War" - latest "Best of This Week in Texas History" collection available for $10. 95 plus $3.25 postage and handling from Bartee Halle, PO. Box 152, Friendswood, TX 77549 or order on-line at twith.com. Package A: .................................. $10,00 Package A: ........................... 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I P i , 1t7:1 _, Sud0ku iiiiiiii i!iiiiiii!i!iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii See Solution, pg. 4C ACROSS 50 1 Livingston is seat of this county 51 5 enthusiastic 6 TXism:" sleeping dog lie" 52 7 Mexican American Fine Art Museum of 53 TX: Mex c- 8 this Farley founded 54 TX "Boys Ranch" 56 9 TXism: "no , ands, or buts" 12 A&M's Kleberg Center has famous "branded __case" 17 in Wichita Co. on hwy. 287 19 ". ...................... Kingdom 57 Lake" on the Brazos 21 with "ex," bomb 58 detonation 22 TX Mark Chesrutt's "Too Cold " 23 country of ex-Mav 1 Steve Nash 28 this Clubber fought Balboa in "Rocky 11t" 2 29 egg producers 30 TXism: "let the cat out of " 3 31 mirror reflection 35 TXism: "sticks out like thumb" 4 36 "Get ............................................. 9 dogie" 42 largest type of 10 spider in TX 44 this Torn was in TX- filmed "State Fair" 11 46 easiest to chew 12 48 TX" Marcus" 13 49 2nd half of the Bible (abbr.) actress Sommer of "The Victors" with UT grad Eli TXism: "just cause a chicken has wings don't mean ................. fly" Spindletop was 1st major TX  welt David Brinkley's old co-anchor, Huntley "Kukla, Fran, and ...................... " 4-term U.S. senator, Bentsen (init.) extreme boot width TX still has no income DOWN annual Waco event: "Cotton  .......................... TXism: "turn ..__. the cow patties in Texas" (search) TX Dixie Chicks tune: ". ................................. Cowgirl" Sinton AM station TXism: "you can write ink" TXism: "a would have more fun" Angelo, TX health club TXism: "armed ..................................... "(well equipped) 3 TEXAS CROSSWOR by Charley & Guy Orbison Copyright 2010 by Orbtson Bros. 28 ) Needs Me" t5 TX George Jones' "The Race _ 16 Bicardi, et al. 18 TX was in this govt. alter seceding from U.S. in 186t (abbr.) 20 TX Kristofferson hit: "Why .......... Lord" 23 postal abbr. for "The Constitution State" 24 TX Dale Evans' " San Antone!" 25 TXism: "get your ................. built" (be still) 26 watercraft for 19-across (2 wds.) IS8  ............. 27 McGavin of "Bullet for a Badman" with TX Audie Murphy 32 this Mickey owned a big honky tonk in Pasadena, TX (init) 33 state UT met in '10 BCS champ. (abbr.) 34 TX soldier (abbr.) 36 chowed down See Solution, pg. 4C i Cannon h 9ventative. ....... $1000 .:....$20.00 nly....$35.00 Cats ...$,55.00 tec let. I w  ) | i P-9 37 TXism: "liquid _ (perfume) 38 Cherokee chiel )f Houston's 2nd if, ........ - ......... -te-ka 39 on two occasio s 40 this Paul was in "T Burning Bed" w :h TX Farrah Faw etl 41 enthusiastic flai 43 abbr. for "Peac Garden State" 45 LIoydof '36 "Tea. ( Rangers" (init,) 47 " st ry 48 likable 55 wild .qoat found n