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March 3, 2010     Hays Free Press
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Page 2C NEIGHBORS Hays Free Press March 3, 2010 Ten gardening activites for March le last average killing eeze date falls on the 1 third week of March. So this month is the real launch date for a lot of gardening and landscape activities for the year. For the first couple of weeks, however, I suggest gardeners concentrate on finishing up February's chores: 1. Cut back roses and shape your shrub roses. Those tall bushes can be trimmed to 11/z to 2 feet in height with open centers. Use a sharp pair of prtmers and a good pair of leather gloves. Climbing roses should be left unpruned until after their spring bloom. March is also a great time to add roses to the landscape. 2. Care for fruit trees. There is still plenty of lime to spray win- tering insects with dormant oil. Pnming to open up the centers will help to reduce disease prob- lems with better air flow. Added sunlight will help to ripen and color the fruit. A few ideas of ad- ditions to your orchard: peaches, pears, plums, nectarines, figs, cherries, apples, pomegranates, and persimmons. 3. Tend vegetable gar- den. The first half of the month is a great time to plant potatoes, asparagus crowns, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, brussels IT'SABOUT sprouts, mustard and collard greens, carrots, radishes, Swiss chard and lettuce. 4. Care for lawn. Before those summer (long day) weeds begin to grow, cover the lawn with or- ganic, pre-emergent corn gluten. Early March is a great time to cut the lawn close and aerate if the soil has become compacted. A quarter to half inch top dressing of manure-based compost like Dillo Dirt will go a long way to revitalize turf grass by adding nutrients, microbes and benefi- cial bacteria. If the soil below the turf grass is poor, aeration and Dillo Dirt will work wonders. As a top dressing. Dillo Dirt mixed with a little sand can help to level those low places. For the second half of the month, after the last average frost date is behind us, we can shift to warm-season gardening. Some gardening activities to concentrate on: 5. Fertilize turf grass. This will begin to grow as the ground warms up. An orgalaic lawn fertilizer with a 3 - 1- 2 ra- tio can be applied to the lawn at the rate of 10 to 15 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Be sure to water the lawn fertilizer in thoroughly after applying. 6. Insect control. With new growth from all our trees, flowers and shrubs.., come the insects. Aphids will show up on just about everything. A safe, organic spray like All Seasons Oil will keep them at bay with- out harming the environment or poisoning us. Our oak trees will be shedding their leaves and putting on new growth any week. With s change comes the oak laf rollers and forest tent cateillars. Sprays with organic B.T. should be an effective and safe way to con- trol these damaging insects. Look for products with names like Thuricide and Dipel to do the trick. 7. Plant vegetables. The vegetable gardeh for the lat- ter half of the month will see an explosion of activity. It's finally time to plant tomatoes, peppers, snap beans, limas, corn, cantaloup, e, cucumbers, eggplant and squash. ! 8. Flower garden. The winter flower garden should be in full force. Thos snapdragons you planted back in October should be starting their second (and best) bloom. Flowe.ring cabbage and kale should be at their peak. New annuals to set out are alyssum, dianthus, lo- belia, phlox, geranium, gerbera daisy, petunias, marigolds, zinnias and nasturtiums. 9. Perennial care. Keep an eye out for those return- ing perennials; don't mistake them for weeds and pull them up. Better to surround them with fresh compost and a little mulch. This spring will bring a world of new perennials to plant. Many will be natives that will thrive in our climate with minimal care and minimal wa- ter. Some to look for are ox-eye dais black-foot daisy, skull- cap, rudbeckia and gloriosa daisies. There will be tons of salvia and lantana varieties to choose from. 10. Have funl Above all, get outside and enjoy yourself. Nothing can be more reward- ing than eating homegrown vegetables and enjoying your own beautiful landscape. Happy gardening everyone! Send questions via email to: iathyme@yahoo.com. Or write to: Ask Chris Winslow. It's About Thyme: 11726 Man- chaca Road, Austin, TX 78748 Wigfall raises hell in Richmond Pon hearing of Texas' official seces- sion, Louis T. Wigfall roared from the floor of the United States Senate on Mar. 7, 1861, "We have dissolved the Union[ Mend it if you can! Cement it with blood!" Three days after John Brown was hanged for treason in December 1859, Lone Star lawmakers picked a new senator. In the angry aftermath of the Harper's Ferry Raid, the nearly unanimous choice was an arch-secessionist from South Carolina. Convinced northern rabble-rousers were bent on inciting a slave revolt, Texans wanted someone who would talk turkey not compromise. Their choice certainly filled the bill, rattling the roof of the august chamber with his thunderous defense of the southern cause. Wigfall's college days in his native South Carolina spawned a fanatical belief in state supremacy. His alma mater was a hotbed of seces- sionist sentiment, where as early as 1827 the university president called for the Pal- metto State to sever all ties with the United States. Even though several friends and his own brother perished in the popular pastime of dueling, Wigfall could not wait to take his turn as a gentleman gladia- tor. When the chance finally came, he went on a bloody rampage. During five violent months, he engaged in a fistfight, three near-duels, two real things and a gun- battle on the steps of the local courthouse. One youth was killed in the wild spree and two more were seri- ously wounded, including Wigfall. Besides ruining his repu- tation and law practice, the mayhem also burdened his conscience, which torment- ed him for years with eerie visions of the man he had slain. Snubbed by polite so- ciety, hounded by creditors and overcome with guilt, he migrated to Texas in 1846. Getting in on the ground floor of the recently formed Democratic Party, Wig- fall rocked the 1848 state convention with an inflam- matory appeal to southern patriotism. When the meet- ing adjourned, the 32-year- old demagogue was firmly entrenched as the most rabid states' rights advocate in Texas. Wigfall's ball really began rolling the next year with an appointment to a vacancy in the Austin assembly. Sens- ing a favorable shift in the political wind, he exploited the unpopularity of Sen. Sam Houston's pro-Union pronouncements by attack- ing his "laxity in defending Texas' interests." From that day forward, the two were mortal enemies. Slaveholders applauded the Dred Scott decision, which upheld their right THIS WEEK IN , to do as they pleased with their human property, but not the dogmatic Texan. To accept the Supreme Court decree, Wigfall lectured, was to acknowledge the power of the national judiciary over state sovereignty, a concession he was not about to make. As U.S. Senator, Wigfall delighted in tiUnting his Yankee peers and tongue- lashed them black and blue. Secession was a simple matter, he reasoned. "If this government does not suit us, we will leave it." The South would not be cowed by northern threats. "If we do not get into Boston before you get into Texas," he boasted, "you may shoot me." The November 1860 elec- tion of a minority president, the choice of only two out of every five voters, started a southern stampede. Meanwhile, Wigfall's name cropped up in rumors of a bizarre plot to kidnap the lame duck in the White House. With James Buchanan out of the way, Kentuckian John Breckenridge would advance to the presidency which he then would refuse to relinquish to Abraham Lincoln. But Breckenridge lost his nerve, and the con- spiracy fizzled. Wigfall hung around the enemy capital for weeks gathering intelligence for the Rebs. He was on hand in April 1861 for the bombard- ment of Fort Sumter, where he personally recommended surrender to the outgunned federal commander. Later in the year, Texas legislators elected Wigfall to the Confederate senate. No one dreamed the fire-eater would raise as much hell in Richmond as he had in Washington. Wigfall was at first a staunch supporter of Presi- dent Jefferson Davis. But his wife hated Mrs. Davis, and her spiteful subversion on the home front poisoned the important relationship. The bad situation took a turn for the worse, when Wigfall gave his convincing imitation of Yankee general Ulysses S. Grant. Wartime alcoholism impaired his judgment and ignited explo- sive rages. He blamed every southern setback on Davis and expressed a twisted desire to see him hang. After the final curtain came down at Appomattox, Wigfall hid for months in the backstreets of Galves- ton before slipping aboard a British ship and sailing into sanctuary. The exile returned eight years later but was so sick from years of chronic drinking that he had to be carried to a board- inghouse. Louis T. Wigfall never got out of bed alive The climax came not in heroic combat but in a lonely rented room. Even death was a disappoint- ment for the red-hot Reb. "Secession & Civil War" - latest "Best of This Week in Texas History" collection availtzble for $10. 95 plus $3.25 postage and handling from Bartee Halle, P.O. Box 152, Friendswood, TX 77549 or order on-line at twith.com. 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Cement Co LLC ::i!:::: See Solution, pg. 4C 9 84 TEXAS CROSSWORD by Charley & Guy Orbison Copyright 2010 by Orbison Bros. 13 sports network 14 song: "Whatever Wants" 15 how :TX makes money from some non-profit groups (2 wds.) t6; DART is" transit" in Dallas 1T this Isaac founded Hard Rock Care 18l hubby might buy daffodils for anniversary 20 CSA general: Robert _ __ 22 TX's 40th governor Preston (init) 23 _ _ Myers designed the TX capitol ACROSS 42 1 TX Ringness invented the __ plow 45 5 sandwich cookie 6 11 Dallas Cowboys 46 7 this Ferguson was 47 29th & 32rid gov. 48 8 '48 film: ": from Texas" 49 9 TX McLish who was 1st "Ms, Olympia" 52 15 intentional mis- 53 spelling of "bank" 16 team Dallas played in 2rid round of '10 NFL playOffs 19 TXism: "rOn around like a chicken with cut off" 21 TXism:" the 54 blanket" (divorce) 55 22 necklace 27 "what is new?" 28 number0[iines of 1 printed matter 29 TXism: "we're ................... eye to eye" (agree) 2 ...... 30 rural TXn$ use a 3 septic tank instead 32 hospital care provider (abbr.) 4 33 TX Roy Orbison "Wilbury" iune:" 8 Line" 36 "R" of "RBI" stat. 9 37 TXism: "it's in cement" (permanent) 38 TX Kenny Rogers "10 TV film: "The Gambler,_ " 1t 39 10% (2 wds.) 41 TX-born CaroJyn 12 Jones had a part in film "The Big ............. " TXism: "smoke ' "(find) rainbow end: ". ............... of gold" tree chopper dog or snake tooth in '40 this TX Jenkins was lightweight champ- TXism: "he couldn't ride horse" untidy Weeding tool (2 wds,) 18 "not" prefix  TX-born pres, "lke" (iniL) DOWN TX-born Jonathan Breck film: "The Man" ('08) extreme anger at Aransas Pass: " Memoriat Tower" newspaper in seat of Comanche Co. this Dillon starred in film "Tex" ('82) TXism: "he over everybody" (vicious) 'Tin old cowhand,. 2 TX admiral Nimitz (init) TXism:" in the saddle" (good person) See Solution, pg. 4C and sinker" (all) 31 Cowboy Mat McBriar speciality 34 TXism: "she threw a hissey " 35 TX microchip co. 37 something it rarely is in the Valley 40 dueling sword 43 polite TX address tO a woman Shore Chew Show" 44 " for all" 26 actress Bowen of (conus-Twvely) "Desperate House- 50 TXism: "worthless wives" with TX Eva  __ boot" Longoda Parker 51 Tex Rer '48 tune: 28 TX sm "hook .................. " Whiskey" 24 a tumip in Scotlhnd 25 TX Dale Evans was on 16 episodes of TV's "The