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March 9, 2011     Hays Free Press
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Hays Free Press ,, March 9, 2011 liEIGHBORS , Page 3C + Before he boarded the PT boat on March 11, 1942 that would carry him to Australia, Gen. Douglas MacArthur told the highest ranking Texas hggie on Corregidor to "keep the flag flying." Col. ~eorge E Moore was still a larger-than-life figure, when he returned to College Station nearly three decades after receiving his diploma and commission in 1908. The two-season letterman in football earned the nickname "Old Maud" with a mule-like kick said to have sent a pigskin spiraling over the spires atop a three-story structure. While congress was kick-starting conscription and National Guard units were being activated in the fall of 1940, Moore got his orders for a third tour of the Philippines. From the Corps of Cadets, the A&M com- mandant handpicked 25 graduating Aggies to accompany him. Moore arrived at Corregidor in January 1941 with the new rank of brigadier general, making him "the first graduate of Texas A&M to reach flag officer rank in the Regular Army" according to Henry C. Dethloff in "Texas Aggies Go to War." As the man responsible for turning 1,735 acres in THIS WEB( IN the middle'of Manila Bay into an im- pregnable fortress, he had his work cut out for him. Three weeks after the unforget- table "day of infamy" at Pearl Harbor, the Iapanese launched their attack on the Bataan Peninsula and Cor- regldor. The same military planners, who regarded "The Rock" as the epicenter of the U.S. presence in the Pacific, knew all too well that help would be a long time coming for anybody stuck on Corregldor. Promoted to major general with expanded authority to strengthen The Rock, Moore welcomed MacAr, thur to Corregidor on Christmas Eve. The commander of all U.S. forces in the Philippines, his family and staff joined 11,000 Americans and Filipi- nos in a bomb-proof burrow. Over 30 years, the Malinta tun- nel complex had been dug out of solid rock. More than a quarter mile long and 35 feet wide with a 20-foot ceiling and two dozen offshoots, the catacomb contained a 300-bed hospital, ammunition and supply depots, sleeping quarters and a mo- tor pool. With their conquest of the Pa- cific almost complete, the ]apanese turned their attention to Bataan and Corregidor in February 1942. Days of incessant bombing made electricity and drinking water increasingly pre- cious commodities. On Feb. 21, the day after the presi- dent of the Philippines went into wartime exile, FDR told Gen. Mac- Arthur the time had come for him to get out too. He put off obeying the distasteful Order for two weeks until leaving at last in the dead of night. Maj. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright took Mac/Lrthur's place and moved his headquarters from Bataan to Cor- regidor. The siege dragged on for an- other month exhausting the shrink- ing stockpiles of food, munitions and medicine as well as the troops, who took sick in mounting numbers due to their weakened condition. The U.S. field commander on the peninsula finally faced the futility of further fighting and offered his unconditional surrender on April 9. Enough American soldiers fled to the fly-speck island to double The Rock's population, but the rest joined thousands of other prisoners for the infamous Bataan Death March, one of the worst atrocities of the Second WofldWar. As April 21 (San Iacinto Day and the date of the annual Aagie "mus- ter") approached, Major Tom Dooley (class of 1935) had an idea. A&M alumni on Corregidor could collec- tively celebrate Texas independence and reminisce about their beloved alma mater, as they did every year, and a willing wire-service reporter would include their names in an article written just for the occasion. until the enemy did exactly that. The Japanese subjected The Rock to an unprecedented pounding on May 5 with one 500-pound artillery shell striking the crater-covered island every five seconds for five hellish hours. The Japanese troops that landed on Corregidor at midnight were met head-on by determined defenders personally led by the Aggie general, George Moore. The Americans and their brave Filipino allies fought like demons in ferocious combat that was often hand-to-hand, but sheer numbers slowly drove them back to the tunnel entrance. Eight hundred American soldiers gave their lives that last bloody That way the folks back home at morning on Corregidor before Wain- least would know they were still alive, wright and Moore decided more Dooley, MacArthufs aide-de-sacrifice would serve no purpose. camp and a former yell leader at A&M, could not have imagined the positive impact of his plan on stateside morale, which was in bad need of a boost. In a glowing profile of Gen., Moore, the Da//as Morning News proudly predicted, "The Iaps will play hell meting old Maud out of Corregidor." But it was only a matter of time After all weapons larger than hand- guns and classified documents were destroyed, they formally capitulated and submitted to a nightmarish cap- fixity that lasted the rest of the war. Column collections available at twith.com or request list from Bartee Halle, P.O. Box 152, Friendswood, TX 7754. The last average killing freeze date falls in the third week of March. So this month is the real launch date for a lot of gardening and landscape activities for the year. For the first few weeks, I think gardeners should work on finishing up February's chores: 1. Cut back roses and shape shrub roses. Those tall bushes can he trimmed to 1 1/2 to 2 feet in height with open cen- ters. Use a sharp pair of prun- ers and a good pair of leather gloves. Climbing roses should be left unpruned until after their spring bloom. March is also a good time to add roses to the landscape. 2. Care for fault trees. There is still plenty of time to spray wintering insects with dor- mant oil. Pruning to open up thecenters will help to reduce disease problems with better air flow. Added sunlight will help ripen and color the fruit. A few ideas of additions to your orchard: peaches, pears, plums, nectarines, figs, cher- ries, apples, pomegranates and persimmons. 3. Tend vegetable garden. The first half of the month is the right time to plant po- tatoes, asparagus crowns, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, mustard and collard greens, carrots, rad- ishes, Swiss chard and lettuce. 4. Care for lawn. Before those summer (long day) weeds begin to grow, cover the lawn with organic, pre-emer- gent corn gluten. Early March is a great time to cut the lawn close and aerate if the soil has become compacted. A quarter to half inch top dressing of manure-based compost like Dillo Dirt will go a long way to revitalize turf grass by add- ing nutrients, microbes and beneficial bacteria. If the soil below the turf grass is poor, aeration and Dillo Dirt will work wonders. As a top dress- ing, Dillo Dirt mixed with a little sand can help level those low places. For the second half of the month, after the last average frost date is behind us, we can shift to warm season garden- ing. Some gardening activities to concentrate on: 5. Fertilize turf grass. This will begin to grow as the ground warms up. An organic lawn fertilizer with a 3 - 1- 2ra- tio can be applied to the lawn at the rate of 10 to 15 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Be sure to water the lawn fertilizer in thoroughly after applying. 6. Begin Insect controL with new growth from all our IT'SABOUT trees, flowers, and shrubs... come the insects. Aphids will show up on just about every- thing. A safe, organic spray, like All Seasons Oil, will keep them at bay without harming the environment or poison- ing us. Our oak trees will be shedding their leaves and putting on new growth any week. With this change comes the oak leaf rollers and forest tent caterpillars. Sprays with organic B.T. should be an ef- fective and safe way to control these damaging insects. Look for products with names like Thuricide and Dipel to do the trick. 7. Plant vegetables. The vegetable garden for the latter half of the month will see an explosion of activity. It's finally time to plant tomatoes, pep- pers, snap beans, limas, corn, cantaloupes, cucumbers, eggplant and squash. 8. Tend your flower garden. The winter flower garden should be in full force. Those snapdragons you planted back in October should be starting their second (and best) bloom. Flowering cab- bage and kale should be at their peak. New annuals to set out are alyssum, dianthus, lobelia, phlox, geranium, gerbera daisy, petunias, mari- golds, zinnias and nastur- tiums. 9.Watch for perennials. Don't mistake them for weeds and pull them up. Better to surround them with fresh compost and a little mulch. This spring will bring a world of new perennials to plant. Many will be natives that will thrive in our climate with minimal care and minimal water. Some to look for are ox-eye daisy, black-foot daisy, skullcap, rudbeckia and gloriosa daisies. There will be tons of salvia and lantana varieties to choose from. 10. ltave fun! Above all, get outside and enjoy yourself. Nothing can be more reward- ing than eating homegrown vegetables and enjoying your own beautiful landscape. Happy gardening everyone! Send questions via email to: iathymeC~ahoo.com. Or write to: Ask Chris winslow. It's About Thyme: 11726 Man- chaca Road, Austin, TX 78748. Puzzling Duo: Texas Crossword brainchiM of brolhers Continued from pg. 1C correcting them on their clues. "with the thousands of clues we write, it's probably impossi- ble not to make a few mistakes along the way. When a reader takes the time to write to tell us we got something wrong we always write back to thank them, particularly when we find out they're right!" "We try to keep the Texas Crossword very positive, but sometimes a person might get offended by the way we express something from history, or the fact that we used a certain word at all. For example, the KKK was a part of Texas history, even though some people might not want to be reminded of that." "I remember the letter y'all (the Hays Free Press) got about 'Yid' (slang for Jew). We were not trying to be offensive, and in fact, we tried to write the clue in an inoffensive man- ner. But the word is in the dictionary and we should not be afraid of it. Maybe the clue should have been A word that should never appear in a crossword'" Charley said jokingly. For the Orbisons, the cross- word puzzle is more of a labor of love than money. They do it because it brings enjoyment to Texans and it helps "foster the great traditions of the great- est state in the Union." Also, it gives them something to do when they retire. Charley and Guy each have full-time careers and each graduated from Abilene Christian University. Charley's been a television journalist, a college teacher and spent 11 years serving as an Assistant District Attorney for Denton County, Texas. in 2009 he was promoted to Chief of the Ap- pellate Division of the Crimi- nal District Attomey's Office. Guy graduated from Abilene Christian Universtiy with three degrees and followed in his fa- thers footsteps by becoming a preacher. He lives in Colorado and is a minister of the Dur- ango Church of Christ. He is also the director of a preacher training school and con- ducts lectures and programs throughout the United States. Now that Guyis in Colorado, the brothers do most of their crossword collaboration through email. Another passion the broth- ers share is an affinity for the open mad and the toys that take them there. "In the rare moments when I have some free time, I'm usually riding my motorcycle," Charley said. And Guy's ride? A 1973 Cor- vette Stingray that he restored and enjoys taking mad trips in. Texas Crossword and Sudoku sponsored by | See Solution, page 6C ACROSS 49 I former Austin event: " FesV ('62-'98) 52 5 TXism: =he's an ornery old - 53 6 coarse file 54 7 wallet stuffers 8 __ Mamos, TX 55 9 Houston was 58 by a Cherokee chief t6 this Bobwas 1st pick 59 by Cowboys in '79 18 Dierks Bentley '05 country album: " Drifter" >.1 TX semiconductor co. ->2 TX-born Silver invented adhesive for 3M Post-it .............. 60 _>3 "echo" so, of border _>4 TXism: = 61 a caged cougar" 30 JFK was shot riding on this (2 wds.) ]4 symbol for gold 35 a county in TX, but this in neighbor LA 36 TX singer-songwriter and actress Lisa 37 TX Lyle Lovett's "if ...................... Boat" 39 Cowboy '99 WR, "The Rocket" $3 TX Don Henley and this Bob wrote song "Heartache Tonight" ~4 TXism: "play _--. __ you're dealff *5 TXism: "flxln' " 16 TX Jay O, Sanders '01 film: "Along __ a Spider" ~,7 FBI used this in '93 Waco raid (2 wds.) likely the main reason TX George H. lost in '92 singer Pat who went to UNT (init.) legislative "yes" vote TXism: "he blazes .................... trail" (fat) seat of Taylor Co, in Dallas & Colin Cos, on hwy. 78 TX Noble Willingham was in '79 film "Norma " make a mistake band for "FX- born drummer Bryan Hitt: = _ Speedwagon" DOWN 1 '66 film: "Texas the River" 2 in Hardeman Co. on hwy. 287 3 where Comyn and Hutchison work 4 deadly Egyptian snakes 9 TX Reeves wrote "__ I Losing You" 10 TXIsm:" off more than you Carl chew" 11 boot aroma 12 Gent who wrote =North Dallas Forty" 13 TX King Vidor autobiography: "A a Tree" 14 Iongtime Rangers announcer Eric (iniL) 15 TX-born 5-star and president (init.) 17 Turkey, TX hosts "Bob ..__" in honor of western swing star 19 ~ Award 20 TX-bom Billy Preston CO-Wrote" So Beautiful" ('74) 24 soldier cops (abbr,) 25 TXism: "within __ shot" (nearby) 26 TXism: ffast as _ ___ up a rafted' 27 TX Tanya Tucker's "it's a Cowboy Lovin' by Charley & Guy Orbison 2O 28 TXism: =_ _.___ in wows clothes" 29 TX poet Naomi __ Nye 31 TX Spacek '94 film =Trading ___" 32 Rim State Park 33 = of the west" 38 TXism: "boring as a fishing trip with _ ----- warden" 40 honky tonk 41 Swedish name 42 '83 Burr Lancaster film shot in TX & UK 48 "sail the 7 " 50 "he me a favor" 51 TX Dabney '80 film: " to Five" 56 more "nekkid"? ' 57 " ~ San Antonio" provides vision services for th~ n~,'lv See Solution, page 6C