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May 8, 2013     Hays Free Press
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May 8, 2013
 

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Hays Free Press May 8, 2013 NEIGHBORS Page 3C The Corpus Christi ~ 1937, the first for the Lone a parent, resulting in paralysis for 84 history, was chosen as the board of health closed ~ Star State, changed all that Healthy Texans refused and death for 28. Corpussite for the first-of-its-kind all schools, churches, IS WEEK IN as the number of cases and to stand by and do noth-Christi followed in 1951 and experiment with human theaters, parks, playgrounds HISTORY fatalities soared to 635 and ing as polio took its terrible the Dallas-Fort Worth area subjects. Thirty-five thou- and swimming pools on May ~!;~i~i:i)i :: 127. toll. Civic and fraternal two years later, sand children of all races 12, 1946 in response to an ~ The population of Texas organizations pitched in to Instead of fun-in-the-sun took part in the July 1952 outbreak of polio, was on track to double pay medical bills that would summers, children spent field trial, while the whole The Texas State Journal of ~ between 1910 and 1950, as havebankrupted all but the their school break cooped country held its breath. Medicine in September 1916 the economic expansion wealthiest families. Dedi- up indoors with worried The results were disap- repeated the orthodoxy of The most dangerous form triggered by the oil boom cated to cost-free care of mothers. They were just pointing. Costing $30 to $50 the day: "We are reasonably of the disease was bulbar or attracted Americans from"crippled, maimed and oth- obeying doctors' orders and per injection, gamma globu- certain that the mouth and respiratory polio, which af- every corner of the country, erwise needy and dependent dire directives from health lin was good for no more nose, and not the hands" are fected the throat, diaphragm And among the many things children," the Texas Scottish officials, who shut downthan five weeks immunity responsible "for the trans- and other muscles essential those tens of thousands of Rite Hospital for Crippled everything from movie the- for most of the guinea pigs. mission of the disease." They for breathing. While thenewcomers brought with Children opened in Dallas aters to public pools. But the cure was right had it backwards, and this mortality rate for polio in them was the polio virus, in 1923. The constant fear of around the corner. Starting erroneous opinion shaped general was less than one The artificial respirator A frightening surge in catching polio traumatized in the spring of 1954 and public policy and medical in ten, 60 percent of bulbar or "iron lung," invented in polio cases coincided with more sensitive kids. A wom- continuing through the fol- treatment for 40 years, patients suffocated to death. 1929, became the grim sym- the Second World War. Noan, who grew up in Odessa, lowing summer, millions of We now know poliomy- The earliest documented bol of the polio tragedy. The part of the state was spared, vividly remembered "sleep- at-risk children received the elitis was caused by a virus cases of polio in Texas oc- coffin-like container kept as communities once con-ing in a tight ball, and the Salk vaccine. that entered the body by curred in 1913. Over thebulbar patients alive until vinced there was safety in first thing I did when I woke The "miracle drug" did way of unwashed hands or next two decades, the an- they could breathe on their isolation came face-to-face up was to check and see if the trick. Nationwide and in contaminated objects. More nual average was a mod- own. with the scourge. The state- my arms and legs worked." Texas too polio cases fell off often than not, the polio bug est 30 cases, far fewer than Other tiny Texans were wide count in 1945 rose to By the early 1950's, theby nearly 90 percent. The came and went like a mild measles, scarlet fever, diph- covered from head to toe in nearly a thousand cases,medical profession was long nightmare was over, case of the flu without doing theria and tuberculosis that hard plaster to limit the limb Hopes for a peacetime grasping at straws. Gamma and children finally got back any serious damage, snuffed out so many young and spine-twisting effects of pause were soon dashed, globulin serum had cut their summers. But for the unfortunate lives, the paralytic version of the and one knew where the in half the death rate for few the virus broke through That was why, until the illness. They endured weeks crippler would strike next. measles, so why not try it To learn more about the the intestinal wall, hopped a middle of the Great Depres- and even months in full In 1948 it was San Antonio, on polio to buy time for the subject of this week's column, ride on the bloodstream and sion, polio was a "Yankee" body casts in polio wards Galveston and the Valley. eventual cure? I recommend "The Polio attacked the spinal cord. problem in the eyes of without air conditioning or San Angelo was ground Houston, then in the grip Years in Texas" by Heather The end result was paralysis. Texans. But the epidemic of the comforting presence of zero in 1949 with 430 cases of the worst epidemic inGreen Wooten. COURTESY PHOTO Kyle Garden Club meets for spring luncheon The Kyle Garden Club had its annual spring luncheon at the Cottonseed Cafe in Martindale where President Mary Alice Debow presented the board with a fresh herb plant that characterized their office responsibilities. (L-R) Cathie Lehman (treasurer), Bonnie Rush (recording secretary), Stan Zyg- mont (vice-president), Tim Miller (President), and Mary Alice Debow (Zone 3 President). The group will meet again beginning Sept. 6. ii HAYS Deadline May 10 Call the at 512-268-7862 for pricing information t Please include my favor te graduate I I I .... I E-M,~I: ............................. Graduate'~ Name: .... ]] I C(:m~,'atulatorv Message