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May 13, 2015     Hays Free Press
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+ 4 Page 2C COMMUNITY Hays Free Press May 13, 2015 l l "nder pressure from the Mexican gov- ernment to give the Karankawas one more chance, Anglo-American colonists signed a peace treaty with the flesh- eating Indians on May 13, 1827. Generations before the white man came on the scene, the Kronks were driven from Louisiana by neighbors outraged by their loathsome taste for human flesh. United by intermarriage and canni- balism, the confederation of five clans soon roamed coastal Texas from Galves- ton to Padre Island. The first European to lay eyes on the Karanka- was and live to tell about it was Cabeza deVaca, the shipwrecked Spaniard who waded ashore at Galveston in 1528. In con- trast to most native North Americans who were short and squatty, powerfully built Karankawan warriors averaged well over six feet. A collage of bizarre tattoos added to their frightening appearance. Early Texans joked they could smell a Kronk long before they could see him. To protect themselves against the mosquito, the eternal curse of the Gulf Coast, the Indians coated their naked bodies with alligator grease. The noxious odor given offby the insect repellent forced visitors to pay attention to the prevailing breeze be- cause no one dared stand downwind of a Kronk. During the century and a half following Cabeza deVaca's departure, the Karankawas changed very little. Living mainly off the sea, the prize catch was the occasional lost European who wound up In contrast to most native North Americans who were short and squatty, powerfully built Karankawan warriors averaged well over six feet. A collage of bizarre tattoos added to their frightening appearance. This Week in Texas History by Bartee Halle the main dish at the next village feast. In a 1685 expedition to find the mouth of the Mississippi River, French explorer La Salle missed the mark by hundreds of miles and landed at Matagorda Bay. While their confused guide searched in vain for the missing tributary, anx- ious seamen built Fort St. Louis. The Kronks patiently bided their time until Christmas Eve 1688, when word reached them of La Salle's death. Feigning an innocent desire to share the holiday with their French friends, the Indi- ans talked their way into the fort and slaughtered the inhabitants. Thirty years later, another Frenchman fell into Karankawan hands and witnessed a canni- balistic victory celebra- tion. Simars de Belle-Isle watched in horror as the Kronks gleefully devoured the corpse of a slain enemy. When the Spaniards finally established a permanent foothold in Texas in the early eigh- teenth century, zealous priests sought to save the souls of the Karankawas. Encouraged by evangeli- cal success among more receptive heathen, mis- sionaries naively pictured pews packed with docile, God-fear'mg Kronks. Although they ac- cepted free food and shelter from the friars, the Karankawas refused to reform. Contemptuous of manual labor as well as church rules, the Indians preferred to plunder the missions and murdered any priest that got in their way. Years of sermons and handouts produced piti- fully few converts. Even the most pious men of the cloth eventually gave up hope of ever convincing the Karankawas to mend their wicked ways. Stephen E Austin bent over backward to ensure fair treatment for the Karankawas and other tribes. In 1824 he ordered that "no person within this colony shall ill treat or in any manner abuse any Indian without just cause." The problem was the Kronks often gave more than ample cause. As the colonists predicted, the incorri- gible cannibals promptly violated the provisions of the May 1827 treaty. No longer able to hold back the angry Texans, Mexi- can officials approved reprisals, and Kronk losses mounted in a run- ning war with well-armed whites and traditional Indian foes. In the opening round of the Texas Revolution, the Karankawas volunteered to fight on the rebel side. Understandably suspi- cious of their motives, the Texans turned the offer down flat. Karankawan luck went from bad to worse. On the same afternoon, one band of braves managed to catch bullets from both Mexicans and Texans. Finding a Texan's farm deserted, the Kronks helped themselves to some free beef. Suddenly challenged by a party of Mexican soldiers, they explained the absent owner was an amigo. The Mexicans opened fire on the friends of a hated revolutionary. The survivors ran into a force of mounted Tex- ans, and in an attempt to avoid further bloodshed loudly proclaimed, "Viva Mexico!" Shot rang out and the remaining Kronks joined their dead broth- ers. In the 1840% the scat- tered remnants of the Karankawan clans slipped across the Rio Grande in search of sanctuary. Bor- der residents, government troops and hostile Indians mercilessly reduced their already depleted ranks, and by 1860 the Karanka- was were just an unpleas- ant memory. Bartee welcomes your comments and questions at haile@pdq, net or PO. Box 152, Friendswood, TX 77549 and invites you to visit his web site at bartee- halle.com. + RODRIGUEZ Angel Rodriguez Sr., resident of Kyle, died May 5, 2015, at the age of 89. Born October 2, 1925, in Mesquite, Texas, he was a beloved father, brother, grandfather, great- grandfather, great-great- grandfather, uncle, and friend. He is preceded in dearth by his loving wife of more than 50 golden years, Maria Rodriguez; parents, lose Concepcion and Hilaria Rodriguez; sister, ]uana Torrez; and brothers, Albino & Jose Rodriguez. Angel honored his fam- ily and country serving during WWII in the South Pacific in the U.S. Army. Angel was well known for being straightforward and getting things done. He was a sharecropper in his lifetime, but the latter years, worked as a main- tenance supervisor for the University of Texas, where he retired after 15 years. When he needed to relax, Angel loved to be outside working on the yard. His favorite thing was his vegetables and flowers. He had a green thumb for gardening. Angel's family was every- thing to him. He gave his grandchildren nicknames for fun. A family man true at heart. Dad has truly been blessed with his family, his laughter and warmth. We're happy to have had Dad for as long as we did and we will miss him dearly, but not forgotten in our hearts. As there's a heaven, we're sure that he is planting a new garden with our mom, Maria. Survivors include his daughters, Lydia Maldonado & husband Manuel, Lucy Hemandez & husband Jimmy, and Teresa Rivera & husband Manuel; sons, Angel Rodriguez Jr. & wife Antonia, Raul Rodriguez & wife Yolinda, Ruben Rodriguez & wife Mary, and Jesus Rodriguez; sisters, Pabla Torrez, Irene Carrizales, Dominga Ramirez, Catarina Juarez, Frances Prado, Antonia Martinez, ]osie Rodriguez, and Mary Ancira; brothers, Luis, Juan, and Pedro Rodriguez; 12 grandchildren, 17 great- grandchildren, 5 great- great-grandchildren and with numerous nieces, nephews and cousins. Mass of Christian Burial was held May 9 at St. Anthony's Catholic Church in Kyle. Internment followed at Memory Lawn Memorial Park in Martindale. CALL FOR ARTISTS The Hays County Arts Committee invites local artists residing in the area to submit their work to be exhibited in the Hays County Government Center. The initiative is part of the county's Cultural Arts Program, which presents an ongoing exhibition series showcasing local artistic endeavors. The exhibits reflect the artistic excellence and cultural diversity of Hays County and promote the county's cultural and economic initiatives. The goal is to encourage public dialogue, understanding and enjoyment of visual arts. The committee will accept submissions through May 29. Visit www.co.hays.tx.us for more information. For questions or help, contact hayscountyartscommit- tee@gmail.com. Texas Crossword and Sudoku sponsored by ;ililiiiiiiiililililiiiiii!iiiii! iiiiiiiiiii!i!iiiiiii!i!i!i!iiiiil iiiii!iiiii!!iiii!i!iiii!iliiii!ii ii!!!ii!i!iiiiiiiili!iiiiiliiiii!ii!i! :::::::::::;:::::::z::::::;:z::, ................... .................. See Solution on 3C ii ii ..... ACROSS 1 Bobby Darin's " the Knife" 5 "The eyes of TX are ~ you.. ," 6 actor Robert De____ 7 "fender bender" result 8 TXIsm: ".___ tn " the hole" 9 TXtsm: *up a creek without 16 TXISm: ~elMr* 18 indian projectile In early Texas 2t TX Witlie's Farm Aid __ was in 1986 22 Debra Winger's character in TX McMurtry's "Terms of Endearment" 23 TXism: "let sleep- ing dogs" 24 dwarflike creatures 30 TXism: "would jerk tears from "(sad) 34 the taw west of the Pecos 0nit,) 35 TXism: ": on" (study) 36 Sen. Ted Cruz assistant 37 trade pact with Mexico (abbr,) 39 long*._____ once flew from Ft. Worth's Carswell 43 "tO __ __ human" 44 UT professor goal 45 WWlt celebratory occasion (abbr.) 46 theater box 47Galveston assets: sun ............... 49 some say this language Isn't spoken in TX 52 guitarist Paul 53 TX electronics co (abbr.) 54 Houston-born jazz musician Cobb 55 TX "Bandit Queen's" 2nd husband 58 "rex Beneke played - these for Glenn Miller 59 60 61 saloon TXism:" ._ high timeV "IX Lucille = _Sueur (Joan 52 Crawford) DOWN 1 in Knox Co. on 277 13 ex-Astro & Ranger 2 TXism: "just down pitcher, Henry the road " 14 this TX Larry was 3 writer ___~ J.R. Ewing (init.) Otis Skinner 15 snakelike fish 4 TXism: "don't get 17 connecting tissues your shorts in a 19 strong case for TX " Racehorse Haynes 90zona football 20 TXtsm: "bad mouth" ctass 24 this Busey played 10 TX Big Thicket TX Buddy Holly (init.) National 25 TXism: =couldn't 1t TXISm: "he has find hide __ hair short ...... and of him" deep pockets" 26 TXism: *throw 12 under Grand some leather _ _ Saline, TX: salt horse" (saddle up) 27 TXism for "crazy" by Charley & Guy Orbison Copyttgr, t 2015 by' Omison 8ros, 28 TX "Star Trek* creator: Roddenberry 29 TXISm:" his time looking for shade" (lazy) 31 "women's _" 32 citrus drink 33 before due 38 in Navarre Co. on hwy, 22 40 Dallas or Houston transit vehicle 41 TXism: "don't give a hoot _ _ holler* 42 TX Cornyn and Cruz 48 TXism: "buenas ~___" (good day) 50 San Antonio holds a TX Mardi ---.- 51 full init. o~ TX pitcher Nolan 56 gas company 57 TXISm: "wipe the See Solution on 3C ;ii|l~ [llIlllli lUllii I~ li !]il J~ il Ii