Newspaper Archive of
Hays Free Press
Kyle, Texas
July 19, 2017     Hays Free Press
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July 19, 2017

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+ Hays Free Press July 19, 2017 COMMUNITY Page 3C + Texas History: Continued from pg. 1C legal immigrants into criminal "wetbacks." In the years between the wars, many farmers in the Lone Star State and throughout the Southwest developed a dependency on seasonal labor from Mexico. The economic impact on Mexican-Americans in South Texas was devas- tating. Entire families were uprooted and driv- en by desperation into Nothing new about border debate Sudoku Solution To,,u C,..wo,d 5t2 8 ....... 9 ii :/il/iiiii! ii :i+! i//il/il/ii i J ,i Solution More Workers Will Go to Financed by a group of Texas in Humiliation" in I I t I8-2 California doctors, he the hostile Mexican press li liili!ii',i',iiti ',16171 forcedtheforeignminis- iiii /':ii il i::i completed a melodrama with, ter to break his promise. By keeping the Lone 1719 t Ii iil ii'@ l i strangely enough, a strong Star State on the bracero 6J J blacklist for the rest of I ....................... I6 Christian Science message, thewar, theMexican SudokuPu ie, government played into from page 2C Texas Crossword, from page 2C The Turn in the Road cost a the hands ofthose farm- modest $9,000 but grossed ers who had opposed the strings-attached policy over $365,000. from the outset. They were perfectly happy the dead-end existence of migratory gypsies. The exaggerated fears of the dirt farmers not- withstanding, there was an abundance of agri- cultural labor in Texas in the summer of 1941. But in the panic-stricken af- termath of Pearl Harbor, the farm lobby had no trouble convincing the Roosevelt administra- tion that crops would rot in the fields without the massive importation of Mexican harvesters. Washington negoti- ated a revival of the bracero program. This time, however, Mexico City drove a hard bargain insisting upon numer- ous guarantees con- cerning hours, working conditions, housing and health care not covered by the World War I agree- ment. Farmers accustomed to dictating the terms of employment for foreign workers flatly refused to play by the new rules, especially the manda- tory minimum wage of 35 cents an hour. They retaliated by boycot- ting the braceros and pressuring Congress into lifting the lid on Mexican immigration. The Rio Grande was reopened on May 11, 1943 only to be shut down three days later by the Immigration and Naturalization Service on orders from the State De- partment. Seventy-two hours was long enough for Texas farmers to sign up 4,000 undocumented workers for the season. Later that summer, coastal cotton farmers broke the boycott and filed a request for 63,000 braceros. A government study revealed the ap- plicants padded their real manpower needs by 300 percent in order to trap the transients into working for less than the guaranteed wage. Meanwhile, Gov. Coke Stevenson was jumping through hoops to pacify Ezequiel Padilla, the Mexican foreign minister who had declared Texas off-limits to braceros because of alleged racial discrimination. Ste- venson pleaded for fair treatment of guest workers in a letter to law enforcement agencies and promised to set up a Good Neighbor Com- mission to investigate complaints of bias. As a final gesture, the governor accepted an invitation to attend the independence celebra- tion in Mexico City. In return Padilla secretly agreed to the transfer of 5,000 bra- ceros to Texas from the western United States. But headlines like "No with the powerless "wet- back," to whom nothing was owed not even re- spect and a decent wage. In a classic case of talking out of both sides of their mouths, the very employers who profited from the porous border and the traffic in undoc- umented workers were among the shrillest crit- ics of the phenomenal increase in the number of Mexican nationals who chose to make Texas their permanent home. To hear them tell it, the so-called "illegals" must have dropped out of the sky! Publication date for Bertha's new book "Unforgettable Texans." is luly 24. Order your autographed copy today by mailing a check for $28.80 to "Bartee Haile," P.O. Box 130011, Spring, TX 7739 or order on-line at B S FARM E RS' DRUG 20, Railroad Street Downtown Buda i Ill ,TOI II Pharmacy 312-2111I Fountain 312-2172) ! TEXAS LEHIGH CEMENT CO. LPJ CENTEX MATERIALS LLC FM 2770, Buda, Texas 295-4801 I Your Hometown McDonald's ~ ~. ~:. ~ McDonald's of Bud. / 15359 IH-35, Ste. B/iJ[ !i:!ii ~/~A / Ro. Box 1364, Buda, TX 78610 !iiI i~r~! I 512"312"2 t83 .!-I iJ I Locally owned and operated ml 'li~II~ I by Jimmy and Cindi Ferguson im Iovin' if) ( ROSEBROCK V / ETERI ARY CLINIC L 2325 FM 967 312-0701 J NEWS LETTERS OBITS CALENDAR PHOTO GALLERY CLASSIFIEDS SUBSCRIBE I -A FOUNTAIN OFr Buda United Methodist Church ']l 1 +Southern Hills Church of Christ ,m tree,, an arcos /lIIICIlI Anon-denominationalchurch II/ // rist*ServingOthers wi"live ntem ra ""'ti'nll/ all " di,o.,Wo. p,Woo ,Cente,)-9a.m. // 'l'~" musicandlifegivingteaching, lll,~TM Sunday School (all ages)-10:00 a.m. ,, Baotist Church //".o..wo.s.,.w,..os, Informal Worship (Chapel) 11 a m / o.tod lo ko. 00 Illk I /I9:30 ' : t ~ Sunday 9 00am B,ble Class 302 Millennium Dr., Ky]e, Texas II/1 1 Wednesday Evening (Chapel)-6:30 p.m. /I 10:00amWorship /1~ (Millennium Drive i ....... d) II/"~11 *OnSthSonday ...... duct ..... ice/I ' ' 6:00pm Worship /I~tr R"'ty ~l't~l~r '~d f~m'lr __ Ill 11 at 10 san. with special music. // 10:45 a.m. C0ntemp0rary service Wednesday 7:00proBible Class i sl Visit:? lil Rev NancyDay II ~.,or~..t,. O.,,..,no.,:,0...r~O~O, .,,o ...o, .o.O ,,, OuO.~.x. Sun. 11:00 a.m. afountaln.or Office 295-6981, Parsonage 512-393-9772 teen, children's classes * Children's w0rship . . www,southernh$scoc,org (512) 312-5900 730 m 512.393.4460 M : P" I [ for more info. i www.BudaU t40t NYFM 16Z7 A,,~, ...... ,gm,nterpret~fortheOeaf I i ..... [ for more info. I Prfessinally'staffednursery&l>'e-sthl SANTACRUZ I "r" '"" "u'*' ,,, .................... CATHOLIC CHURCH Aloving~caring~outhernBttptistChurch east Baptist ] 104 S. San Marcos Street, Buda "" SUNDAY: ~ 1100 Main Street Buds, Texas 78610 Buddy Johnson, Pastor 295-2161 iii:~i ii~:!: ::: ::! /~ii~: i Bible Study for all ages, 9:45 a.m. office: 512-312-2520 Fax: 512-295-2034 Worship Service, 10:55 a.m. Rev. David Leibham, Pastor Rev. Amado Rhinos,Assoc. Pastor Sunday School ........................................... 9:30 a.m. I WEDNESDAY: Bible Study, 7 p.m. CONFESSION OFFICE HOURS Morning Worship .................................... 10:45 a.m.Bible ~5 a.m. Pastor Rodnoy Coleman i Saturdays: 4 p.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday, 9 a.m.-5 p.m. 40001=ast FM150 (4 miles east of Kyle) MASSSCIIEDU1LE: WednesdayBibleStudy/YouthAcfivilies...6:00p.m. Wor iii a.m.I L_.'~,.~./; II ~ (512) 268-5471 Saturday evening:sunday 5:30 p.m. "t~an= ~m'~r"~r!lw~,,~t~t,,~,--- lt~~ AWANA's (Wednesday).......................... 6:00 p.m. ~ I ~: g:3Oa.m.(Spanish), I~l~ " Pr~i~!iOn: I I ~'%'~.-'h'~l N/~B G0d with us 11 .... (English, U Nursery Provided 5 p.m. (English) www~irstbapfistbu~. ~]~RtI~ml~f~ ii~:~'~i I_._/_ ~ ' J~ + ..... ifi:i::[i i!