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Hays Free Press
Kyle, Texas
November 30, 2011     Hays Free Press
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November 30, 2011

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I I i Free Press November 30, 2011 NEIGHBORS Page 3C O O O + peaking behind closed doors on Dec. 6, 1839, Mirabean Lamar let secret. months, the been working to make passed the his rival in December 1838, new chief executive did not think even a remote possibility. Mexicans seemed dead-set on the liberated province and :the San Jacinto victors. inside information from south of border caused Lamar to change to well-informed the former rulers of Texas water in a sea of crisis. huge cotmtry and or confrontation the French, Mexican leaders just fences. fact, several credible sources circumstances the time right to come to terms with the For Lamar, who opposed United States, the 9ected news was music to his ears. Texas never could realize its ~ hush-hush huddle with the legisla- sovereign destiny so long as relations ~ rare. But again the timing was bad. with Mexico remained hostile.For the delicate mission Lamar iiiii~ii i~ Z~ Furious that scores of Texanshad recently crossed the Rio Grande to chose Bamard Bee, the secretary of take part in a short-lived uprising, state whose bags were already packed the Mexicans were in no mood to talk forWashington. The diplomat reconciliation. grudgingly accepted the undercover Treat wisely kept a low profile until assignment, but his heart obviously Lamar publicly warned fellow coun- was not in it. Lamar instructed Bee to negotiate and, ff possible, to sign a peace treaty based upon two key conditions: rec- ognition of Texas independence and the Rio Grande as the international bounqlary. If the Mexicans continued to insist upon drawing the line at the Nueces, Bee was authorized to offer $5 million for the disputed land between the two rivers. Although the envoy received his orders in February 1839, he did not reachVeracruz until earlyMay. By then the golden opportunity was gone because the Mexicans had ap- peased the French and temporarily quelled the scattered revolts. The uninvited Texan could not even obtain permission to go ashore. Bee gladly took no for an answer and sailed back to New Oflearls only to find a letter from the Mexican sec- retary of war waiting for him. In an abrupt about-face, the minister wrote that his government was willing to listen to the Lone Star proposal. To Bee's relief, he did not have to make the return trip. His place was taken by ]ames Treat, a longtime resi- dent of Mexico sympathetic to Texas. During December 1839, while Treat was in transit, President Lamar finally took Congress into his confidence. The announcement caught the lawmakers completely by surprise. The secrecy surrounding the ne- gotiations had not sprung a leak, and Lamar was considered the least likely person in the whole Republic to advocate peaceful coexistence with Mexico. The congressmen gave his bold plan their wholehearted endorsement. Treat arrB?ed in Mexico City on Dec. 11, 1839, five days after Lamar's trymen against sticking their noses in Mexico's business. This shrewd gesture opened the door for Treat, who was soon welcomed by Canedo, the Mexican foreign minister. After breaking the ice at their initial meeting, the two diplomats had a frank exchange. Canedo listened attentively as Treat explained the proposed treaty aad described the convoluted course the negotiations had to follow. Four tedious months later, Treat was elated to learn that the matter at last had been referred to the Mexican Congress. But the Capital was sud- denly rocked by street riots diverting attention from the pending pact. Meanwhile, President Lamar was running out of patience. Telling Treat to take a tougher stand, he sought to strengthen his bargaining position by sending the Texas navy on a chip-on- the-shoulder cruise off the Mexican coast. Frightened and offended by the in- timidating tactic, the Mexicans retali- ated by giving the emissary the silent treatment. James Treat headed back to Texas in November 1840 but did not live to report his failure in person to Lamar. He died aboard ship in the Gulf of Mexico. The prospect of peace perished along with Treat. For the remainder of his presidential term, Lamar bared his teeth by openly aiding Mexican rebels and attempting to annex New Mexico with the ill-fated Santa Fe Expedition. Years of diplomatic shadowbox- ing ultimately culminated in the full-scale bloodletting known as the MexicanWar. How many lives would have been spared on both sides of the border if Mirabeau Lamar had suc- ceeded in burying the hatchet? Get your copy of"Tornadoes, Hur- ricanes & Other Disasters" the latest "Best of This Week in Texas History" column collection. Order today online at or tOt mailing a check for $14.20 to Bartee ttaile, PO. Box 152, Friendswood, TX 77549. are flowering kale, flowering pansies, snapdragons, vie- bone and blood meal to the soil plants a boost. Plant bulbs: There is still plenty plant those sp.ring flower- daf- anemones, ranunculus, uils and muscari. Cut back perennials: If the frost freezing weather has damaged )erennials, cut them back to just above ground level and mulch with compost and pine-bark mixed. This will conserve soil moisture and keep the roots healthy and warm. 4. Choose a riving Christmas tree: This is the season to bring a tree indoors for the holidays. Why not choose a living one that you can add to your landscape in January? Some good choices: Allepo pine, Arizona blue-ice cypress, deodar cedar, blue point juniper and Italian stone pine. 5. Rake leaves: Get outside, do some raking, and inhale some of that lovely chilly winter air. Remember if you leave leaves on your lawn, they can damage grass, especially if they become wet. 6. Start a compost pile: Please don't send those leaves (mentioned in 5) to the landfill. Use them to build a great big compost heap. 7. Move tropical plants inside.., or they will die. Mandexdtla, plumeria, philodendron, ficus, bougainvillea and hibiscus will all perish if allowed to freeze. Put them in a garage or a greenhouse, provide as much light and ventilation as possible and water when dry throughout the winter. If you can't carry them in, have some row cover (freeze cloth) close at hand. 8. Care for fruit trees: Spray them and look after them. Rake all leaves from around the base as this litter may carry over insects to the spring. Spray with dormant oil to kill scale insects. This should also be done on scale-infested shrubs. Inspect bur- ford holly and euonymous, as they are prone to this. 9. Buy a little rosemary tree (trimmed}: They are a delight, and make nice table decorations for Christmas. After the holidays, dig it into your culinary herb garden as a center point. 10. Rest on your laurels! On those super cold days when gardening outside is impossible, curl up by the fire and take stock of your garden- ing accomplishments for the year... and start thinking of some plans for the NewYear. Warmer weather is just around the corner! Texas Crossword and Sudoku sponsored by 8 2 iiii i ................ ::: .... 19': t ! i i :ii :iii 2 See Solution, page 6C ACROSS 44 corn growers assoc. 1 Hidalgo Co. town 45 TXism: "plain as 5 TXism: "coffin " the ......... a mule" (cigarette) 46 TX singer Stuckey 6 __ drug stores in 47 Hawaiian "howdy~ TX are now CVS 48 this Lisa left Dallas' 7 TX Henry Catto's WFAA-TV forABC in '92 ex4ederal agency 49 TXism for "help" (3 wds,) 8 - warner51 European currency nests only in TX 52 actor & UT-grad, Wallach t8 hit by TX Paul & 53 TX Waylon's labet for Pauta: ". ........... Paula" "Lukenbach, Texas" 19 ex-Ranger slugger .................................. Sierra 21 Cowboys score ~ 22 TXr~s put out i i i welcome --'--~" 23 Bentsen-Rio Grande State Park has bird -billed Ani ;24 eady TX explorer: 54 TX John .................... de Leon Cornyn's 29 sail support tit!e (abbr.) 30 TX Belt Helicopter V-22 Osprey is DOWN a ~ro~or aircraft I TXism: "strong 14 31 money maker for the Buna Beacon a horseshoe" 32 TX Connaliy was(strong coffee)15 caught in this in 2 roped JFK's time (3 wds.) 3 some Texans saw 34 TXism: "that's a action here in WWlI 16 ......... how do you do" 4 TXism: "take 35 TX singer TrinJ (init.) ............. off" (sit down) 17 36 TXism: '~about as 9 wipe the chalkboard ________ as 10 Granbury's his- 20 paying taxes" (hurts) toric " House~ 37 Gen. Robert ....... 11 TX Rather network 22 88 TXism: "slick as a 12 TXism: "careless 24 watermelon " about which horse 40 unfawfu~ distiller ........ saddles" (thief) 25 42 jeweled headpiece 13 Big Spring had for 29-down 1 st TX motorized 26 43 air mover (2 wds,) fire ~._ i49 this TX billed as "Tallest Man in the World" TXism: "don't get your shorts in a many TXns have a big one Alamo: Mission San Antonio Houston ................ the army at San Jacihto Harrison Co, se~t in 20ti Rangers won this penant (abbt,) TXism:" exercising" (talking) TXism: "fits like hide horse" TEXAS SSWORD by Charley & Guy Orbison Copyright 2011 by Orbison Bins, it0,It, i 13,14, [17 ~ ........ # .............. ; ............... ! ............ I .............. ; ........... i ~ 20 39 P4039 53 154 .,... 27 _.-Marcus 28 ". ......... - ...... -.... gun" 29 TX Phyllis George was" America" 30 a row of seats 33 Sherityn of TX- filmed "Ruby" ('92) 34 TX "market"type 35 TXism: "mad as a ................. snake" 37 Army Corps of built many TX I'akes 38 TX tornado warning device 39 TX George H.'s VP, Quayle 41 Slurpee forerunner 42 Scarlett's home 45 sound repeat in Pale Duro Canyon 48 TX John Tower and this daughter were killed in '91 crash 50 in Nueces Co, on 44: Agua ..................... See Solution, page 6C +